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The Toulmins of Lancashire

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The Toulmin Family of Lancashire, England

Richard L. Tolman, Ph. D.

     The American family and English origins of the immigrant Thomas Tolman/Touleman (1608-1690) are detailed in the accompanying essay ‘Thomas Tolman (1608-1690) of Dorchester, Massachusetts’. Also presented in that essay is some DNA evidence that his origin is Lancashire, England. The purpose of this essay is to present additional DNA evidence of the Lancashire family and to expand the understanding of the Lancashire families and collateral lines.

     Examination of the Lancaster, Lancashire parish registers revealed a son Thomas1 born (illegitimate) to Issabel Towmng/Towning and Roger Parkenson in Lancaster, Lancashire on the 9th day of the twelfth month of 16082 (Lancaster is 40 miles north of Liverpool in Lancashire). Issabel was born in 1588 in Lancaster to William and Elizabeth Towlming (Toulmin).3 Issabel subsequently married William Wilkinson in 1612 and had a large family (see Genealogical Summary below). Roger Parkinson was already married (1601) to Dorothy Dawson and had children (see Genealogical Summary below).

at-DNA

     Autosomal DNA data (at-DNA) established that the author (an 8th great-grandson of Thomas Tolman b. 1608 of D orchester, Massachusetts) shares DNA with three other living descendants of the Lancashire Tolman/Toulmin family:

     (1) ‘J. S.’4 shares 9 cM across 1 segment; a 5th great-granddau of Lucinda Jane (Toulmin) Garrard, born 1790 of Kentucky. This line5 has been traced back several additional generations to an Abraham Toulmin (born 1630, London) son of Thomas Toulmin (no source); he is proposed to have married Mary Hughes, also born 1630.6 This pedigree is examined in more detail below (see Generation 5). A working hypothesis is that the common ancestor with the author is the unknown father of William Toulmin of Lancashire, father of Issabel (b. 1588).

     (2) ‘S. D.’,7 Steve Donaldson of Toronto; shares 8 cM across 1 segment; a presumable 9th cousin of the author also with antecedents in Lancashire. He is a 2nd great-grandson of Frances Toulmin (1838-1925), dau of John Toulmin and Priscilla (Axon) Toulmin of Liverpool. Our common ancestor would likely also be William Toulmin, father of Issabel Toulmin (b. 1588). This pedigree is examined in more detail below (see Generations 5-7). ‘S. D.’ has another 34 at-DNA matches to ‘toulmin’ ancestors besides this author! Amazing.

     (3) ‘Anna Rudd’8 shares 7 cM across 1 segment; a 6th great-granddau of Elizabeth (Toulmin) Barker, dau of Abraham Toulmin of London, born 1704. A working hypothesis is that the common ancestor with the author is the unknown father of William Toulmin of Lancashire, father of Issabel (b. 1588). This pedigree is examined in more detail below (see Generation 5).

     There are four known compiled sources describing the English Toulmin family:

     (1) The ‘Toulmin Pedigree’9 exists at the Family History Library as a film copy of a typewritten manuscript (called the Sherwood Collection). George F. T. Sherwood of the Society of Genealogists has many publications (1867-1910) and has done research on the Toulmin family of England. The portion of the pedigree that exists in the FHL is incomplete (describes abt 200 individuals); it deals mostly with the ‘southern Toulmin family’ (mostly around London) and goes back to an Abraham Toulmin, b. 1580 of Somerset and London; hereafter Sherwood. Although the pedigree is unsourced, much credence must be given to it considering the distinguished genealogist author and the incredible detail in the manuscript (constructed mainly from wills).

     (2) Burke’s Peerage,10 1939 has two detailed pages on the Toulmins and their English ancestry, no sources; hereafter Burke.

     (3) Toulmin, George Humphrey, ‘A Catalogue of Toulmins Part 1 (London family) and Part 2 (Preston and the North families), a 1990 ms’11 at The Society of Genealogists/National Family History Centre (www.sog.org.uk), excellently sourced; hereafter Toulmin. Toulmin was aware of the Sherwood Collection at the FHL (he referred to it as ME90). One of Toulmin’s favorite sources for the early Toulmins are copies of the letters of Evelyn Toulman Flood, a genealogist who wrote abt 1936.

     (4) Glade, Loa Don Hofhine Thomas Touleman (1608): Progenitor of the Tolman Family in America (Murray, UT: Family Heritage Publishers, 2005) pp. 17-25; hereafter Glade.12

     These four (except Glade) describe the same ancestry and are generally in agreement except in a few circumstances that will be identified. Perusal of the ms is convincing that we are dealing here with a prominent, educated and affluent English family Toulmin (many wills, many large dowers, many clergy, authors, barristers, and surgeons). The four living individuals of this essay that share at-DNA are descended from both the London branch and the Lancashire branch of the Toulmin family (2 each), proving for the first time that the two branches have a common ancestor.

     As a result of this at-DNA evidence that the Wm Towlming (b. abt 1562) line and the Abraham Toulmin (b. abt 1580) line are connected by a common ancestor, we are forced to posit (Occam’s razor)13 that at the latest these two are brothers born to a Towlming/Toulmin father (b. 1540).

Early Toulmins

     Cussans14 indicates a strong family tradition that the family is French and of Huguenot origin. The Toulmin family is suggested to have fled France to Holland at the time of the St. Bartholomew Massacre (23 Aug 1572). When Philip II of Spain began persecution of protestants in the Netherlands they fled to England settling in Preston, Lancashire.15

     Because we are dealing with the connections of a 1635 immigrant to the Massachusetts Bay Colony (Thomas Touleman) to English collaterals, the events we are concerned about are already in the 16th century. Records were not good enough that the key connections will likely ever be proven. Lancaster Parish Records began in the late 16th century, but that is an exception. Key records in Bolton-le-Sands didn’t begin until the mid-17th century (1655). Add to that the fact that Toulmins over the centuries were noted dissenters; therefore many consciously avoided Church of England baptisms. Death dates for these people are much more common but unfortunately do not indicate how old the individual was at death. Primary records in general are good after mid-1700’s but very spotty and poor before that time.

Figure 1. A Toulmin Pedigree from Toulmin, Part 1, page 2.

     In the summary below the four known 16th century Toulmins are posed as brothers, but Robert or Richard could easily have been the ‘unknown’ father of William and Abraham. The ancestors of all four living ‘cousins’ (shared DNA) are intermingled in the Genealogical Summary although there are gaps in all the descendencies because the necessary paper records are not available.

Genealogical Summary

Generation 1

    1. unknown Toulmin/Towlming was born abt 1540 of Preston, Lancashire, England. He may have been born in France.

    Mr. and Mrs. Towlming/Toulmin perhaps had four children.

   + 2.    i. WILLIAM TOWLMING born abt 1562 of Lancashire, England.

     3 ii. RICHARD TOULMIN born abt 1570 of Bolton Holmes, Lancashire, England. He died16 1607 at Lancashire.

     4 iii. ROBERT TOULMIN born abt 1570 of Bolton-le-Sands, Lancashire, England. He married Alice ____.17 Their son Richard died in 1623 at Bolton-le-Sands.18

   + 5 iv. ABRAHAM TOULMIN (I) born abt 1580 of Somerset, England.

Generation 2

    2. William Towlming was born19 abt 1562 of Lancashire, England and was buried 26 Dec 1620 at Lancaster, Lancashire, England.20 He married abt 1586 at Lancashire Elizabeth ____. She was born abt 1568 and was buried 29 Aug 1638 at Lancaster, Lancashire, England.

    William and Elizabeth Towlming had eight children.21

   + 6.     i. ISSABEL TOWLMING born abt 1588 at St. Mary’s, Lancaster, Lancashire, England.

     7.  ii. ELLINE TOWLMING born abt 1589 at St. Mary’s, Lancaster, Lancashire, England and was buried22 2 Feb 1655 at Lancashire, England. She married23 11 Feb 1609 at St. Mary’s Lancaster, Lancashire, England William Holme.

     8.   iii. MARGRETA TOWLMING born abt 1591 at St. Mary’s, Lancaster, Lancashire, England and was buried24 7 Jan 1638 at Lancashire, England. She married25 3 Nov 1611 at St. Mary’s Lancaster, Lancashire, England George Rigge.

   + 9.    iv. EDMUND TOWLMINGE born abt 1593 at St. Mary’s, Lancaster, Lancashire, England and was buried 6 Jun 1664 at Bolton Parish, Lancashire, England.

   + 10.    v. RICHARD TOWLMYN born abt 1596 at St. Mary’s, Lancaster, Lancashire, England and was buried 22 Mar 1639 at Harlocks, Boulton (Bolton) Parish, Lancashire, England.

     11.   vi. ALICE TOWLMINGE born abt 1599 at St. Mary’s, Lancaster, Lancashire, England and was buried26 22 Apr 1651 at Scottforth, Lancashire, England. She married27 31 Jan 1619 at St. Mary’s Lancaster, Lancashire, England Nicholas Jenkenson.

   + 12.  vii. JOHN TOLMIN born abt 1602 at St. Mary’s, Lancaster, Lancashire, England and was buried 3 Dec 1638 at Yealand Conyers, Lancashire, England.

   + 13. viii. THOMAS TOLMYN of Bolton Holmes, Lancaster, Lancashire, England.

    5. Abraham Toulmin (I) was born28 abt 1580 of Chard, Somerset29 (born in Lancashire or France?). He married Mary Wilton dau of William and Esther Wilton of Bishop’s Lavington, Wiltshire, England.30,31 William was minstrel to Richard II. Note that there was a John Talman of Bishop’s Lavington; will 1653: witnessed by Richard Talman and James Towman—brothers/nephews of Abraham?32

   + 14.    i. ABRAHAM TOULMIN (II) born abt 1630 of Stepney, Middlesex. He married Mary ____.

Generation 3

    6. Issabel Towlming was born abt 1588 of Lancaster, Lancashire, England.33 She had an illegitimate son with Richard Parkenson in 1608.34

    Richard Parkenson and Issabel Towlming had a son who immigrated to the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1635.

    15. THOMAS TOULEMAN/TOLMAN35,36 christened 9 Feb 1608 at St. Mary’s, Lancaster, Lancashire, England; died 18 Jun 1690 at Dorchester, Suffolk, Massachusetts.

    Issabel subsequently married37 20 Oct 1612 at St. Mary’s, Lancaster, Lancashire William Wilkinsonn. He was born abt 1584.

    William and Issabel (Towlming) Wilkinsonn had at least seven children.38

     16. i. JOHN WILKINSON christened 12 Feb 1613 at St. Mary’s, Lancaster, Lancashire, England.39

     17. ii. ELLINE WILKINSON christened 1 Apr 1613 at St. Mary’s, Lancaster, Lancashire, England.40

     18. iii. RICH WILKINSON born abt 1615 and buried41 9 May 1648 of Wiresdalle, Lancashire (father Willm.).

     19. iv. JOHN WILKINSON christened 7 Sep 1615 at St. Mary’s, Lancaster, Lancashire, England.42

     20. v. MARGRETT WILKINSON born abt 1615 of Lancaster, Lancashire. She married43 12 Jul 1654 at St. Mary’s, Lancaster, Lancashire, England Robert Styth (her father Willa.)

     21. vi. DOROTHIE WILKINSON born abt 1615 and buried44 15 Apr 1661 of Heaton, Lancashire (father Willm.).

     22. vii. WILLIAM WILKINSON christened45 9 Feb 1625 and buried46 9 Dec 1667 of Torrisholme, Lancashire (father Willm).

    Richard Parkenson was born 1585 at Lancaster, Lancashire, England and was buried47 24 Jun 1634 at Lancashire; he was a peddler. He married48 29 Sep 1601 at St. Mary’s, Lancaster, Lancashire, England Dorothy Dawson.

    Richard and Dorothy (Dawson) Parkenson had at least seven children.

     23. i. WILLIAM PERKENSONE christened49 25 Oct 1605 at St. Mary’s Lancaster, Lancashire, England.

     24. ii. WILLIAM PARKENSONE christened50 30 Jul 1606 at St. Mary’s Lancaster, Lancashire, England.

     25. iii. ELLINE PARKENSONN christened51 7 Nov 1609 at St. Mary’s Lancaster, Lancashire, England. She probably married52 30 Nov 1633 at St. Mary’s, Lancashire, England Gawine Houndman.

     26. iv. ROBERT PARKENSON christened53 2 Apr 1611 at St. Mary’s Lancaster, Lancashire, England.

     27. v. MARGRETT PARKENSON christened54 31 May 1611 at St. Mary’s Lancaster, Lancashire, England. She married55 10 Jun 1630 at St. Mary’s, Lancashire, England Edward Edmonson.

     28. vi. WILLIAM PARKENSON christened56 10 Dec 1612 at St. Mary’s Lancaster, Lancashire, England.

     29. vii. WILLIAM PARKENSON christened57 11 May 1614 at St. Mary’s Lancaster, Lancashire, England. He probably married58 22 Oct 1636 at Garstang, Lancashire, England Catherine Fife.

    9. Edmund Toulmin born abt 1593 at St. Mary’s, Lancaster, Lancashire, England and was buried59 6 Jun 1664 at Bolton Parish, Lancashire, England. He married60 26 Oct 1616 at St. Mary’s Lancaster, Lancashire, England Elline Heighshame.

    10. Richard Toulmin born abt 1596 at St. Mary’s, Lancaster, Lancashire, England and was buried61 22 Mar 1639 at Harlocks, Boulton (Bolton) Parish, Lancashire, England. He may have married 13 Oct 1639 at Warton, Lancashire Ann Danson.62

    Richard and Ann (Danson) Parkenson had at least two children.

     30. i. ELIZABETH TOULMING christened63 28 Nov 1642 at St. Oswald, Warton, Lancashire, England.

     31. ii. ANN TOULMING christened64 30 Nov 1645 at St. Oswald, Warton, Lancashire, England.

    12. John Toulmin born abt 1602 at St. Mary’s, Lancaster, Lancashire, England and was buried65 3 Dec 1638 at Yealand Conyers, Lancashire, England. He married unknown and had a dau Ellin.66

    John and Mrs. Toulmin had at least two children.

     32. i. ANNE TOLLMYNE was christened67 14 Apr 1619 and buried68 28 Apr 1646 at St. Oswald, Warton, Lancashire.69

     33. ii. ELIZABETH TOLLMYNE was christened70 16 Jun 1622 at St. Oswald, Warton, Lancashire.71

     34. iii. ELLIN TOLMAN was christened72 6 Aug 1626 at St. Oswald, Warton, Lancashire.73

    13. Thomas Toulmin of Bolton Holmes, Lancaster, Lancashire, England.74

    Thomas and Mrs. Toulmin had at least one child.

     35. i. JOHN TOULMIN was christened 1620 at Lancashire.75

    14. Abraham Toulmin (II), a schoolmaster, was born abt 1630 of Stepney, Middlesex. He married Mary ____.76 Stepney is downtown London.

    Abraham and Mary Toulmin had at least three children.77

     36. i. SARAH TOULMIN born abt 1690. She married Sergeant Basker.78

   + 37. ii. ABRAHAM TOULMIN (III) born abt 1660 and died 1716. He married Mary Hughes of Oxfordshire.

     38. iii. WILLIAM TOULMIN born abt 1660 of Wapping, Middlesex, England.

Generation 4

    37. Abraham Toulmin (III) was born abt 1660 of Wapping, Middlesex and died Oct 1716.79,80 He married Mary81 Hughes of Oxfordshire. Wapping is downtown London, on the Thames adjacent to the Tower of London.

    Abraham and Mary (Hughes) Toulmin had five children.82

     39. i. Mary83 TOULMIN born abt 1690. She married John Savage son of Rev. John Savage and his wife ____ Morton. They had a son Samuel Morton Savage (born 19 Jul 1721, died 21 Feb 1791), a celebrated nonconformist divine.84

     40. ii. EBENEZER TOLEMAN born abt 1695 of Stepney, London. He married Ann ____. They had three daus: Mary Toleman b. 1723, Mary Toleman b. 1725; and Anne Toleman b. 1727.85

   + 41. ii. ABRAHAM TOULMIN (IV) born abt 1700 of King Edward Street, Wapping, Middlesex and died before 1 May 1776.

   + 42. ii. ALEXANDER TOULMIN born abt 1700 of Wapping, Middlesex (London).

   + 43. ii. CALEB TOULMIN86 born 1715 at London, London, England.

Generation 5

    41. Abraham Toulmin (IV) of King Edward Street, Wapping, Middlesex. He was born 1704 at Rickmansworth, Herfordshire and was christened (as an adult) 8 Apr 1729 at Old Gravel Lane, Wapping (London). He died 14 Jul 1776 at Hertfordshire. He was a surgeon. He married87 1 Apr 1728 at London Mary Wilton,88 sister of Samuel Wilton of Newgate Street; she died 15 Oct 1782.89 She was born 1710.90

    Abraham and Mary (Wilton) Toulmin had twelve children.91

     44. i. SAMUEL TOULMIN i. christened 1728/9 to 1738 at Old Gravel Lane, Wapping and died young.

     45. ii. MARY TOULMIN christened 1728/9 to 1738 at Old Gravel Lane, Wapping and died young.

     46. iii. ABRAHAM TOULMIN christened 1728/9 to 1738 at Old Gravel Lane, Wapping and died young.

     47. iv. ELIZABETH TOULMIN christened 1728/9 to 1738 at Old Gravel Lane, Wapping and died young.

     48. v. WILLIAM TOULMIN christened 1728/9 to 1738 at Old Gravel Lane, Wapping and died young.

     49. vi. ELIZABETH TOULMIN christened 1728/9 to 1738 at Old Gravel Lane, Wapping and died young.

     50. vii. ABRAHAM TOULMIN christened 1728/9 to 1738 at Old Gravel Lane, Wapping and died young.

     51. viii. SAMUEL TOULMIN christened 1728/9 to 1738 at Old Gravel Lane, Wapping and died young.

     52. ix. WILLIAM TOULMIN, M.D. surgeon, historian; christened92 30 Dec 1738 at Old Gravel Lane, Wapping93 and died 25 Dec 1800 at Chard, Somerset and buried there. He married94 11 Aug 1761 Sarah Clarke of St. George’s of the East95 at St. John, Hackney, Hackney, England. She was born 1741 and died 2 Dec 1815 (age 74); buried Old Gravel Lane, Wapping.

     53. x. SAMUEL TOULMIN attorney; christened96 17 Sep 1738 at Stepney, London and died 15 Aug 1809 (age 69, ‘a brilliant example of virtue and piety’97) at Old Gravel Lane, Wapping.98 He married99 7 Oct 1756 at Saint Martin in the Fields, London Ann Petty. Four children.100

     54. xi. SARAH TOULMIN was christened (independent)101 26 Apr 1742 at Gravel Lane, London. She married102 22 Jul 1760 at St. George in the East, Tower Hamlets, England Nathaniel Sergeant.

     55. xii. ELIZABETH TOULMIN christened 4 Sep 1747103 at Old Gravel Lane, Wapping. She married104 18 Aug 1767 at St. George of the East, Tower Hamlets, England Samuel Barker. He was born 1741 and died 1825.105

     56. xiii. ABRAM TOULMIN of St. George’s of the East, surgeon, christened 9 Jan 1749/50 at Old Gravel Lane, Wapping and died 1 Nov 1821 (age 71); buried at Old Gravel Lane, Wapping. He married ann fowden. Five children.106

    42. Alexander Toulmin was born abt 1700 of Wapping, Middlesex.

    Alexander and Mrs. Toulmin had at least two children.

     57. i. WILLIAM TOULMIN born 1734 of Prescott Street, Goodman’s Fields, Middlesex (London); will dated 1804, proved 1806. He married (1) unknown, one son Thomas, will dated 12 Dec 1795 and (2) 19 Aug 1758107 at St. Dunstan, Stepney, Middlesex Mary Howson of Whitechapel, four children.

     58. ii. JOHN TOULMIN , Lieutenant in R. N. He married (1) Anne Toulmin, dau of Caleb Toulmin. He married (2) R. Mary Field.

   43. Caleb Toulmin, was born 1707 at London, London, England. He married108 12 Feb 1734 at St. Paul’s Catholic Church, London Mary Skinner. She was born 1713.

    Caleb and Mary (Skinner) Toulmin had at least two children.109

     59. i. ANNE TOULMIN, of London, England. She married her cousin John Toulmin, son of Alexander Toulmin.

     60. ii. JOSHUA TOULMIN, D. D. born 11 May 1740 at London, London, England and died/buried110 23 Jul 1815 at Birmingham, West Midlands, England. He married 6 Apr 1764 Jane Smith dau of Samuel Smith of Taunton. He obtained a Doctor of Divinity degree in 1794 from Harvard. He was a noted ‘dissenting historian and biographer…to the grief of his parents his views became inconsistent with the strict Calvinism of the academy’.111 Joshua and Jane (Smith) Toulmin had six children that included Harry T. Toulmin112 who immigrated to Kentucky and became Secretary of State under Governor James Garrard. His dau Lucinda Jane Toulmin married Garrard’s son Daniel.113,114,115

Figure 2. Hon. Harry T. Toulmin (1766), left and Joshua Toulmin, D. D. (1740), right.116

     61. i. Robert Toulmine was born abt 1747 at Lancashire and was buried117 17 Jun 1807 at St. Wilfrid, Halton, Lancashire. He was a carpenter. He married118 1764 at Halton, Lancashire Mary Wilson. She was buried119 8 Jan 1804 at St. Wilfrid, Halton, Lancashire. Halton, Lancashire is adjacent (northeast) to Lancaster.

     Robert’s parents cannot be identified at this time. There are two possibilities for a Robert Toulmin birth in Bolton-le-Sands parish (b. 1739 and b. 1734, fathers George and Richard respectively), but no other parish registers or other sources are available online at FHL, FindMyPast, Ancestry or in Toulmin. Regardless, this Robert Toulmine (b. abt 1747) is undoubtedly a descendant of the 17th century Robert or Richard of Bolton-le-Sands (cf. Figure 1).

    Robert and Mary (Wilson) Tolman had nine children.

     62. i. ROBERT TOULMINE was christened120 3 Jun 1767 at Halton, Lancashire.

     63. ii. RICHARD TOLMINE was christened121 1 Jul 1770 at Halton, Lancashire.

     64. iii. BETTY TOLMAN was christened122 20 Sep 1772 at Gressingham, Lancashire. She married123 18 Nov 1811 at St. Johns, Preston, Lancashire George Foster.

     65. iv. ROBERT TOLMAN was christened124 30 Oct 1774 at Gressingham, Lancashire.

   + 66. v. WILLIAM TOLMAN was christened 12 Jan 1777 at Gressingham, Lancashire.

     67. vi. MOLLY TOLMAN was born 23 May 1779 and christened125 20 Jun 1779 at Gressingham, Lancashire.

     68. vii. ANN TOULMINE was christened126 10 Nov 1782 at Halton, Lancashire. She married127 19 Nov 1797 at Whittington, Lancashire Jonathan Wallas.

     69. viii. MARGRET TOULMINE was christened128 5 Feb 1786 at Halton, Lancashire. She married129 30 Nov 1807 at St. Peters, Bolton-le-Moors, Lancashire William Lomax.

     70. ix. JAMES TOULMAN was christened130 4 Oct 1789 at Halton, Lancashire.

Generation 6

    66. William Toulman/Talmon131 was christened132 12 Jan 1777 at St. John the Evangelist, Gressingham, Lancashire, England and was buried133 10 May 1844 at St. Mary, Lancaster, Lancashire. He married134 19 May 1805 at St. Thomas, Liverpool Jane Swift of Liverpool dau of Richard and Betty Swift. He was a hatter and lived in 1841135 in Stockport, Cheshire. Jane was christened136 11 Oct 1778 at Kirkby by Melling, Lancashire and was buried137 30 Mar 1838 at Heaton Norris St. Thomas, Stockport, Cheshire, England.

    William and Jane (Swift) Toulman/Talmon had at least three children.

   + 71. i. JOHN TOULMIN was born 31 Mar 1806 and christened 24 Aug 1806 at Saint Peter, Liverpool, Lancashire, England.

     72. ii. MARY TOULMIN was born 5 Apr 1808 and christened138 19 Aug 1808 at Saint Nicholas, Liverpool, Lancashire, England.

     73. iii. ELIZA TALMON was born abt 1810 at Saint Peter, Liverpool, Lancashire. She married 19 Jun 1854 at Liverpool, Lancashire Charles Wilson.139

Generation 7

    71. John Toulman was born 31 Mar 1806 and christened140 24 Aug 1806 at Saint Peter, Liverpool, Lancashire, England the son of William and Jane (Swift) Toulman. He married141 11 Nov 1832 at Cheadle, Cheshire Priscilla Axon. He was a hatter. In 1841142 they had two children Frances and Mary and were living in Tynemouth, Northumberland.143

NOTES

1. FamilySearch database, Parish Registers for St. Mary’s Church, Lancaster, Baptisms 1599-1837; FHL British Film 1526146, item 9; https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:J7NZ-JMP; for more detail see the essay ‘Thomas Tolman (1608-1690) of Dorchester, Massachusetts’ on the www.29deadpeople.com website.

2. For more detail/sources see the essay ‘Thomas Tolman (1608-1690) of Dorchester, Massachusetts’ on the www.29deadpeople.com website.

3. The Lancashire line was first discovered and published by genealogist Loa Don Glade in the ‘Thomas Tolman Family Newsletter’ September 1992, pp. 5-9. See also Glade, Loa Don Hofhine Thomas Touleman (1608): Progenitor of the Tolman family in American, came in 1635, and direct-line descendants (Murray, Utah: Family Heritage Publishers, 2005) hereafter Glade; online at FamilySearch. She claims the baptismal day of ‘9th day of the 12th month 1608’ comes from the reconstructed records of Dorchester. This author has not been able to confirm this.

4. ‘Schlittler Family Tree’, owner kephrm, www.ancestry.com/family-tree/tree/112764835; the tree only goes back to Lucinda Jane Toulmin (accessed 26 Jun 2019).

5. ‘Wood Family Tree’, owner cedarlake648, www.ancestry.com/family-tree/tree/26394935; lots of sources (accessed 26 Jun 2019) hereafter Wood Family Tree.

6. Wood Family Tree is the only one of any of the surveyed Toulmin sources to claim the father of Abraham Toulmin I (b. 1630) was Thomas Toulmin. It is also the only source to claim Abraham II’s (b. 1630) wife was Mary Hughes (all w/o historical sources). Sherwood has Mary Hughes married to William Toulmin, brother of Abraham III (also no source cited).

7. ‘Donaldson Family Tree’, owner Donaldson92, www.ancestry.com/family-tree/tree/33718009, some sources (accessed 26 Jun 2019).

8. ‘Rudd Family Tree’, owner Anna Rudd, www.ancestry.com/family-tree/tree/161736794, no sources (accessed 26 Jun 2019).

9. ‘Toulmin pedigree: southern branches A and B’, FHL British film 994003 item 3 1584(accessed 26 Jun 2019) hereafter Sherwood.

10. Burke, John Bernard, Sir 17th ed. Burke’s genealogical and heraldic history of the landed gentry: including American families with British ancestry (London, England: Burke’s peerage, 1939) p. 2530-2531; hereafter Burke.

11. Toulmin, George Humphrey, ‘A Catalogue of Toulmins’ Part 1 (London family) and Part 2 (Preston and the North families), 1990 ms; hereafter Toulmin.

12. Glade, Loa Don Hofhine Thomas Touleman (1608): Progenitor of the Tolman Family in America (Murray, UT: Family Heritage Publishers, 2005) pp. 17-25; hereafter Glade.

13. Occam’s Razor: the simplest solution (involving the fewest assumptions) is the best.

14. Cussans, John Edward History of Hertfordshire, Vol. 3, Part 16: Hundred of Cashio (London: Chatto and Windus, 1881) pp.256-258; cited circuitously in Toulmin.

15. Toulmin, Part 1, page 13 and Part 2, page 9 (expanded sources are recounted).

16. Toulmin, Appendix B, p. 65 and sources cited therein.

17. Toulmin, Part 1, p. 3 and sources cited therein.

18. Toulmin, Appendix B, p. 65 ; cites Lancashire wills no details.

19. Glade

20. Toulmin, Part 1, p. 7 and p. 13.

21. Glade, p. 18.

22. England Deaths and Burials (FamilySearch Film 1526,146; wife Ellin, spouse Willia. Holme) https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:JCSC-WQN (accessed 30 Jun 2019).

23. Holme/Towlming marriage: FamilySearch, England Marriages 1538-1973 database, https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NXY7-943 (accessed 27 Jun 2019).

24. England Deaths and Burials (FamilySearch Film 1526,146; wife Margareta, spouse Georgii Rigge) https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:JCSH-Y97 (accessed 30 Jun 2019).

25. Rigge/Towlming marriage: FamilySearch, England Marriages 1538-1973 database, https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NXY7-S9K (accessed 27 Jun 2019).

26. Glade, p. 18.

27. Jenkenson/Towlminge marriage: FamilySearch, England Marriages 1538-1973 database (Film 0844800 i1), https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NL46-LP1 (accessed 27 Jun 2019).

28. Sherwood.

29. Chard is south of Taunton, Somerset and not far west of Bishop’s Lavington (West Lavington, Wiltshire).

30. ‘Henderson/Roberts Family Tree’, owner ShirleyHenderson77, www.ancestry.com/family-tree/tree/14723773; cites only the 1716 will (accessed 9 Jul 2019).

31. Burke

32. Toulmin, Part 1, p. 13-14 and sources cited therein.

33. Glade, p. 18; this author was unable to find a primary source.

34. FamilySearch, England Births and Christenings 1538-1975 database, https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:JMV1-T4H; FamilySearch has the year ‘1609’ although the original doc has it clearly ‘1608’ (accessed 27 Jun 2019); for more detail and reference to the film, see the essay ‘Thomas Tolman (1608-1690) of Dorchester, Massachusetts’ at www.29deadpeople.com.

35. See the essay ‘Thomas Tolman (1608-1690) of Dorchester, Massachusetts’ at www.29deadpeople.com.

36. Toulmin, Appendix B, p. 65.

37. Wilkinsonn/Towlming marriage: FamilySearch, England Marriages 1538-1973 database, https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NL48-Y2F.

38. Glade; she lists 12 children for Wm and Issabel, but some of them belong to other Wilkinson families (John of Chipping, Lancashire; George of Ormskirk, Lancashire; and Thomas of Blackburn, Lancashire).

39. England Births and Christenings 1538-1975, FamilySearch database Film 1526,146, https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NXJQ-XXX.

40. England Births and Christenings 1538-1975, FamilySearch database Film 1526,146, https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:N1M3-6YY.

41. England Deaths and Burials 1538-1991, FamilySearch database Film 1526,146, https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:JCSC-MXD.

42. England Births and Christenings 1538-1975, FamilySearch database Film 1526,146, https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:J3ZD-SQ1.

43. England Marriages 1538-1975, FamilySearch database (Film 1526,146) https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NXY7-DZG.

44. England Deaths and Burials 1538-1991, FamilySearch database Film 1526,146, https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:JCSC-XMT.

45. England Births and Christenings 1538-1975, FamilySearch database Film 1526,146, https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:JW8Y-KWG.

46. England Deaths and Burials 1538-1991, FamilySearch database Film 1526,146, https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:JCSC-XYD.

47. England Deaths and Burials 1538-1991, FamilySearch database Film 1526,146, https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:JCSH-5TL.

48. Parkenson/Dawson marriage: online at FamilySearch, England Marriages 1538-1973 database, https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NXY7-S5Q.

49. England Births and Christenings, 1538-1975, online at FamilySearch database Film 1526,146, https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:JWSX-7QB and Ancestry, FHL Film 0844800 i3.

50. England Births and Christenings, 1538-1975, online at FamilySearch database Film 1526,146, https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NXJ7-BLC and Ancestry, FHL Film 0844800 i3.

51. England Births and Christenings, 1538-1975, online at FamilySearch database Film 1526,146, https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:JW8B-MQN and Ancestry, FHL Film 0844800 i3.

52. Houndman/Parkenson marriage: online at FamilySearch database, England Marriages 1538-1973, https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NXY7-HZK.

53. England Births and Christenings, 1538-1975, online at FamilySearch database Film 1526,146, https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NYYD-VLK and Ancestry, FHL Film 0844800 i3.

54. England Births and Christenings, 1538-1975, online at FamilySearch database Film 1526,146, https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:JQBX-M9K and Ancestry, FHL Film 0844800 i3.

55. Edmonson/Parkenson marriage: online at FamilySearch database, England Marriages 1538-1973, https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NXY7-Q56.

56. England Births and Christenings, 1538-1975, online at FamilySearch database Film 1526,146, https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:JW8Y-J25 and Ancestry, FHL Film 0844800 i3.

57. England Births and Christenings, 1538-1975, online at FamilySearch database Film 1526,146, https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NYY8-B54 and Ancestry, FHL Film 0844800 i3.

58. Parkinson/Fife marriage: online at FamilySearch database, England Marriages 1538-1973, https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NL4K-6PD.

59. England Deaths and Burials, online at FamilySearch Film 1526,146; wife Margareta, spouse Georgii Rigge) https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:JCSH-Y97.

60. Tolminge/Heighshame marriage: online at FamilySearch, England Marriages 1538-1973 database, https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NXY7-9M5.

61. England Deaths and Burials online at FamilySearch database Film 1526,146 https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:JCSH-RQ7 (accessed 30 Jun 2019).

62. Toulmin, Part 2, p. 66 and sources cited therein (will).

63. England, Lancashire Parish Registers 1539-1910, online at FamilySearch database Film 1849,662, https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:QJDD-KM6G.

64. England, Lancashire Parish Registers1539-1910, online at FamilySearch database Film 1849,662, https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:QJDD-K496.

65. England Deaths and Burials, FamilySearch database Film 1526,146, https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:JCSH-RQ7.

66. Dau Ellin baptized 6 Aug 1626 at St. Oswald, Warton, Lancashire, England, father John named, England, Lancashire, Parish Registers 1538-1910, online at FamilySearch database Film 1849,662. https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:QJDD-VPDQ.

67. England Births and Christenings, 1538 -1975, online at FamilySearch database Film 1849,662 https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:QJDD-VP12.

68. England Lancashire Parish Registers 1539-1910, online at FamilySearch database Film 1849,662 https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:QJ DD-KDH7.

69. Toulmin, Part 2, Appendix B, p. 66 and sources cited therein.

70. England Births and Christenings, 1538-1975, Ancestry database FHL Film 0844814 i3 (accessed 26 Jun 2019).

71. Toulmin, Part 2, Appendix B, p. 66 and sources cited therein.

72. England Births and Christenings, 1538-1975, online at FamilySearch database Film 1849,662 https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:QJDD-VPD3.

73. Toulmin, Part 2, Appendix B, p. 66 and sources cited therein.

74. Glade, p. 31.

75. Toulmin, Part 2, Appendix B, p. 66 and sources cited therein.

76. Sherwood, Burke; there are also a number of Pedigree Resource files (4) mentioning Abraham Toulmin that contain all sorts of fanciful descendencies that are not substantiated (except loosely by IGI w/o sources) and do not agree with any of the major compiled sources—these have been ignored.

77. Sherwood, Burke and Toulmin. Burke/Sherwood have ____ Hughes married to William (no sources), but Toulmin (Part 1, page 14-15) rebuts this effectively saying Burke reversed the two brothers. Since Toulmin is sourced, he wins the argument. He suggests Abraham may not be descended from Abraham of Chard at all, but may be a Lancashire Toulmin, b. 1675 at Bolton.

78. Toulmin (sourced), not in Sherwood or Burke.

79. London England Wills and Probate, 1507-1858, Abraham Toulmin, Stepney Parish, Middlesex, probated 15 Nov 1716; online at Ancestry.com (accessed 9 Jul 2019). The will indicates the testator had children under 21 leaving some doubt that there was an Abraham b. abt 1630 (Toulmin Catalogue, Part 1, page 14).

80. Sherwood and Burke have attributed the 1716 Will to Abraham (II), but Toulmin notes that the will mentions minor children under 21 so he attributes the will to Abraham III.

81. Wood Family Tree; contends ‘Mary’ Hughes, confirmed in 1716 will (accessed 26 Jun 2019).

82. Sherwood.

83. Toulmin, Part 1, p. 15, cites Sherwood in part.

84. Toulmin, Part 1, p. 15.

85. England and Wales Non-Conformist Record Indexes (RG4-8, p. 47), 1588-1977, baptisms at Stepney, London, online at FamilySearch database https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:FWFB-1MV.

86. Wood Family Tree; this tree has Mary (Hughes) Toulmin (b. 1630, husband Abraham) giving birth at age 85 to Caleb (b. 1715)! Sherwood Collection has Mary Hughes married to William Toulmin b. 1660, no birth year for Mary (accessed 26 Jun 2019).

87. Toulmin/Wilton marriage: London, England, Church of England Baptisms, Marriages, Burials 1538-1812, Parish Register, St. Michael, Crooked Lane, City of London, online at Ancestry (accessed 4 Aug 2019).

88. Not an error; apparently there were TWO Mary Wilton’s who married Abraham Toulmin’s (I and IV) three generations apart.

89. Sherwood.

90. Pedigree Resource File at FamilySearch, submitter: PhyllieSmilie; https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/2:2:3V5H-R4G; based mostly on IGI data (no sources recorded).

91. Sherwood.

92. England & Wales, Non-conformist and Non-Parochial Registers, 1567-1970, Register of Births, Marriages and Deaths: London, Gravel Lane, St. George’s East Independent, 1704-1837; online at Ancestry.com (accessed 10 Jul 2019).

93. Sherwood.

94. Toulmin/Clark marriage: London, England, Church of England Marriages and Banns 1754-1932, online at Ancestry (accessed 5 Aug 2019).

95. Will dated 1807, proved 1815, sons Joseph and Nathaniel appointed executors, names gdau Mary Toulmin and brother John Clarke.

96. England and Wales, Non-conformist and Non-parochial Registers 1567-1970, online at FamilySearch database Film 0597096; https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:FWKV-L8M.

97. Sherwood.

98. Will dated 1808, proved 1809, cited in Sherwood.

99. Toulmin/Petty marriage: England, Select Marriages 1538-1973, FHL Film 561155, online at Ancestry (accessed 5 Aug 2019).

100. Sherwood.

101. England and Wales, Non-conformist and Non-parochial Registers 1567-1970, online at Ancestry.com (accessed 5 Aug 2019).

102. Sergeant/Toulmin marriage: London, England, Church of England Marriages and Banns 1754-1932, online at Ancestry (accessed 5 Aug 2019).

103. England Births and Christenings, 1538-1975, online at FamilySearch database Film 0597096; https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NPZL-WDH.

104. Barker/Toulmin marriage: London, England, Church of England Marriages and Banns 1754-1932, online at Ancestry (accessed 5 Aug 2019).

105. ‘Rudd Family Tree’, owner Anna Rudd, www.ancestry.com/family-tree/tree/161736794, no sources lo (accessed 26 Jun 2019).

106. Sherwood.

107. Toulmin/Howson marriage: London and Surrey, Marriage Bonds and Allegations, 1597-1921, online at Ancestry.com (accessed 10 Jul 2019).

108. Toulmin/Skinner marriage: London and Surrey, Marriage Bonds and Allegations, 1597-1921, cites bride’s and groom’s age/b’date online at Ancestry.com (accessed 10 Jul 2019).

109. Wood Family Tree.

110. UK and Ireland Findagrave #112602714.

111. Stephen, Leslie, ed. Dictionary of National Biography, Vol. 19 (London: MacMillan Company, 1909) p. 1009.; a lengthy biography mentioning a relative Samuel Morton Toulmin and a son Harry Toulmin, who immigrated 1793 to America (Kentucky)…and many more details.

112. Toulman has much more information and other relevant sources, Part 1, page 9.

113. Everman, H. E. Governor James Garrard (Richmond, Kentucky: Cooper’s Run Press, 1981) page 34.

114. ‘Schlittler Family Tree’, owner kephrm, www.ancestry.com/family-tree/tree/112764835; the tree only goes back to Lucinda Jane Toulmin (accessed 26 Jun 2019).

115. Wood Family Tree.

116. Ancestry Public Member Photos.

117. Baptisms and Burials, Lancashire Record Office PR 2781; online at FindMyPast (accessed 9 Aug 2019).

118. England Marriages, 1538–1973, FamilySearch database FHL film 1,526,205, https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NXB9-GRC.

119. England Deaths and Burials, 1538-1991, FamilySearch database FHL film 1,526,205, https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:JC9K-3YS and Baptisms and Burials, Lancashire Record Office PR 2781; online at FindMyPast (accessed 9 Aug 2019).

120. England Births and Christenings, 1538-1975, online at FamilySearch database FHL film 93,743, https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:JWJL-XB3.

121. England Births and Christenings, 1538-1975, online at FamilySearch database FHL film 93,743, https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:JWJL-FJ5.

122. England Births and Christenings, 1538-1975, online at FamilySearch database FHL film 0844812 i1, https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NPXL-LZR.

123. Foster/Toulman marriage: Church of England Marriages and Banns 1755-1936, online at Ancestry (accessed 10 Aug 2019).

124. England Births and Christenings, 1538-1975, online at FamilySearch database FHL film 0844812 i1, https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NPXL-G51.

125. England Births and Christenings, 1538-1975, online at FamilySearch database FHL film 0844812 i1, https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NPXL-G28.

126. England Births and Christenings, 1538-1975, online at FamilySearch database FHL film 93,743, https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:J3N5-14J.

127. Wallas/Toulman marriage: Church of England Marriages and Banns 1755-1936, online at Ancestry (accessed 10 Aug 2019).

128. England Births and Christenings, 1538-1975, online at FamilySearch database FHL film 93,743, https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:N5GW-6F7.

129. Lomax/Toulman marriage: Church of England Marriages and Banns 1755-1936, online at Ancestry (accessed 10 Aug 2019).

130. England Births and Christenings, 1538-1975, online at FamilySearch database FHL film 93,743, https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:J7QP-J9S.

131. A search of the available records for the birth of William Toulman of Liverpool revealed two contenders both born about 1780, but one was easily eliminated. William Toulman b. 1781, son of John and Milcah Pooler Toulmin (Toulmin, Part 2, pages 9 and 12) was well characterized as a surgeon and Quaker of Preston, presumably never married—his will left everything to nieces and nephews.

132. England Births and Christenings, 1538-1975, FamilySearch database FHL film 0844812 i 1, https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NYY5-92N and Church of England Parish Baptisms, Lancashire Record Office PR 3337/1/11, page 42; online at FindMyPast.com (accessed 9 Aug 2019).

133. Church of England Parish Burials, Lancashire Record Office PR3262/1/41, age 68 (b. 1776); online at FindMyPast (accessed 9 Aug 2019).

134. Toulman/Swift marriage: Lancashire Banns and Marriages 1797-1813, Liverpool Record Office 283-THO-3-3, online at FindMyPast (accessed 9 Aug 2019).

135. 1841 England Census of Stockport Second District, Cheshire, Piece 108, Book 8, Folio 6, Page 7, Willm Tolman, hatter, not born in Cheshire; online at Ancestry.com (accessed 8 Aug 2019).

136. England Births and Baptisms 1538 1975; online at FindMyPast (accessed 9 Aug 2019).

137. National Burial Index for England and Wales, Jane Toulmin, age 60, born 1778; online at FindMyPast (accessed 9 Aug 2019).

138. England Births and Christenings, 1538-1975, online at FamilySearch database FHL film 93,833, https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:J3NT-8JB.

139. Wilson/Talmon Marriage: England Marriages, 1538–1973, online at FamilySearch database FHL film 93,925, https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NJJZ-RDX.

140. England Births and Christenings, 1538-1975, online at FamilySearch database FHL film 93,872 and 93,873, https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:N5G2-GYR.

141. Toulman/Axon marriage: England, Select Cheshire Bishop’s Transcripts 1598-1900, FHL Film 1655428; online at Ancestry, cf. Donaldson Family Tree

142. England and Wales Census, 1841 of Tynemouth, Northumberland, online at FamilySearch database https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:M7W8-4L6.

143. ‘Donaldson Family Tree’, owner Donaldson92, www.ancestry.com/family-tree/tree/33718009, some sources (accessed 26 Jun 2019).

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