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Villwocks of Berrien

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The Villwock Families of Berrien County, Michigan

 

By Maralyn D. Tolman and Richard L. Tolman, Ph. D.

     In the 1910 U. S. census there were over 400 Villwocks in Berrien County, Michigan, 16 of which were born in ‘Germany’1 (1840’s-1890’s). Their spouses are often recorded to be born in Russia.      These Villwock families in Berrien County can be presumed to be related. This essay attempts to investigate this contention and sort out available data about them and their origins. The genealogy outlined below identifies nearly all of these Berrien County Villwocks as Pomeranian immigrants with their sons and grandsons.

     A word now about the historical context: what is present-day Germany was in the 1840’s a collection of independent city-states and provinces. A large number of these provinces were a part of the Prussian confederation of 1815 called ‘Prussia’ (this included Westphalia, Brandenburg, Pomerania and East and West Prussia, but did not include the independent provinces Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Hannover, Bavaria, Saxony and the Thuringian States).2 Chancellor Otto von Bismarck of Prussia began the unification of Germany in the mid-1860’s and by 1890 virtually all German-speaking provinces had been assimilated into Prussia. The province of Pomerania (auf deutsch: Pommern) was adjacent to partitions by Russia (made by Catherine the Great, the last in 1795)—these areas would become part of Poland decades later.3

   

     Figure 1. (a) Map4 of the modern Baltic countries (left), the flag showing the location of Rummelsburg, Pomerania (Poland) and (b) a map5 of Pomerania (right) with Kreis Rummelsburg (Kreis = county) toward the left side in Regierungsbezirk Köslin (orange).

     German speakers from these eastern German-speaking areas born in the 1840’s and 1850’s who emigrated before 1900 would have said they were born in Prussia, i. e. Germany, but those born around 1880 who emigrated from the same areas before 1900 might have said they were from Russia. A key part of our story is the province of Pomerania (Pommern), a part of Westpreuβen, now part of Poland, on the Baltic Sea that included the large cities of Danzig and Stettin. Regardless their origin whether Prussia or parts of Poland or South Russia, we can say they are German because of the language they spoke (from U. S. Census data).

     The author proposes that most of these Berrien County Villwocks are descended from five Villwocks, who all emigrated about the same time (1888-1892) from Rummelsburg, Pomerania (Pommern). But WHERE in the county of Rummelsburg? There are a few clues…(1) the death certificate of Adelina (Hafer) Benke, dau of Henriette (Villwock) Hafer, states she was born at ‘Charlottental’ (spelled phonetically on the certificate), see Note 171, and (2) Augusta (Villwock) Kayser always told her children that her mother always said she was from ‘Louisenhof’.6 Both of these place names appear in the index of the Alt Kolziglow parish (Figure 2, right edge of map).7

     Figure 2. Kreis Rummelsburg in Pomerania (Pommern). Width of the county is about 25 miles. The Polish name for Rummelsburg is Miastko.8

     Below is detailed the genealogy of four male Villwocks and their families as well as two female Villwocks, all immigrants and residents of Berrien County, Michigan. There is a strong possibility that Heinrich and Herman Villwock are twin brothers (born in 1844, 23rd Dec and 22nd Dec, respectively). A third Villwock, August (b. 1847), is a brother to Herman.9 These three brothers likely have Pomeranian, Prussian origins.10 Herman, his wife Johanna and son Herman Jr. immigrated11 through the port of Baltimore; they listed their destination as Michigan—brother August Villwock had already emigrated there 1888. It is also likely that these three brothers had a sister who also immigrated to Berrien County, Michigan in 1892, Amelia (Villwock) Maikowski12 (b. 1853). Another female Villwock Henriette Fredericka Wilhelmina (Villwock) Hafer13 (b. 1841) also emigrated in 1892 from Pomerania (father Karl)—she is perhaps a cousin to the other Villwock immigrants.

     There are at least two groups of Villwocks in Pomerania—only two, because of the paucity of records from the time period.14 One is in the Rummelsburg area (very few records and a narrow range of dates) and the other is in the Neustettin area (more records and some earlier church records). All of the Berrien County Villwock immigrants appear to be from the Rummelsburg group. In the 1860’s because of the 1863 rebellion in Poland, there was a large migration of Prussians (Germans) to the Volhynia area.15 This migration included several of the aforementioned Villwocks of Pomerania (no Villwock christenings in Volhynia before 1870’s). Volhynia included parts of Poland, Belarus, and Ukraine southeast of Warsaw; most of the Villwocks went to the central Rivne Province, now part of Western Ukraine.

 

GENEALOGICAL SUMMARY

Family 1

Generation A

     1. Johann/John Villwock of Rummelsburg, Pomerania, West Prussia. He married abt 1840 Mary Stehr.16

     Johann/John and Mary (Stehr) Villwock had at least four children.

  + 2 i. HEINRICH VILLWOCK (twin) was born 23 Dec 1844.

  + 3 ii. HERMAN VILLWOCK (twin) was born 22 Dec 1844.

  + 4 iii. AUGUST VILLWOCK was born 27 Feb 1847.

  + 5 iv. AMELIA VILLWOCK was born 11 Mar 1853.

 

Generation 1

     2. Heinrich/Henry Villwock17 was born 23 Dec 184418 at Rummelsburg,19 Pomerania (Preuβen). Today this is part of Poland and is called Miastko (directly east of Danzig). Heinrich died20 25 Dec 1926 at Sodus, Berrien, Michigan and was buried21 at Crystal Springs Cemetery, Benton Harbor, Berrien County. He immigrated first to Canada in 1891.22 He moved his family to Michigan in 190223 where he became a fruit farmer in Berrien County. He married abt 1872 (1) Henrietta (Hattie) Schele/Sklay/Skale/Skalay of ‘Louisenhof’, Pommern (Preuβen), Germany. She was probably born abt 1851 of Preuβen and died abt 1894 (perhaps in childbirth) at Leduc (Friedrichsheim), Alberta, Canada.

____________

NOTE: Investigation of atDNA matches for the author MDT (autosomal DNA at Ancestry) identified a group of cousins24 who have in common descendency from the Sklay/Skalay/Schele family. Their common ancestor is likely Gottlieb Sklay (born abt 1805) of Preuβen. Gottlieb b. 1805 and Louise Hänsel had an illegitimate son25 Gottlieb Ferdinand Hänsel (Sklay/Skale), born 23 Mar 1827 at Neuhausen, Brandenburg, Preuβen; he married 1860 at Zhytomyr, Zhytomyr, Ukraine (Volhynia) Anna Eleonore Schalin;26 they immigrated to Berrien County, Michigan with a large family.27 Gottfried and Anna raised their family in German-speaking Poland (the historical region of Volhynia which included parts of Poland, Belarus, and Ukraine) southeast of Warsaw, now the Rivne Province of Western Ukraine. The aforementioned Gottlieb Sklay (b.1805) would have had another as yet unidentified son who would have been Henriette (Schele)’s father.

____________

     Heinrich served in the Prussian Army under Otto von Bismarck.28 After emigrating from Germany/Russia in 1891, Heinrich may have spent some time in Michigan (visiting his probable sister29 Amelia (Villwock) Maikowski and her family), but then travelled to Portland to visit his two oldest girls who were working in Portland; son Albert was born to Hattie while in Portland. Heinrich and his family then homesteaded30 in Alberta Canada (filed Apr 1894) at Friedrichsheim (Section 30, Township 48, Range 24, Meridian 4); Heinrich was granted the patent in Mar 1899.31 Daughter Amelia was born in Alberta at the end of 1893.

     After Hattie’s death he married32 (2) abt 1894 at Canada Paulina Yaster daughter of William and Minnie (Swartz) Yaster.33 She was born 27 Oct 1862 at Russia and died34,35 29 Sep 1942 at Sodus, Berrien, Michigan; buried36 at Crystal Springs Cemetery, Benton Harbor, Berrien County. She had immigrated to Canada in 1894.37

     Henry and Henrietta (Schele) Villwock had ten known children.38

6 i. JOHANNA (Annie) VILLWOCK was born abt 1873 at Germany and died 15 Apr 1935 at Portland, Multnomah, Oregon. She married 23 Jan 1895 at Multnomah County, Oregon Jacob R. (Jake) Kayser son of Friedrich and Magdalena (Kreis) Kayser. He was born 13 Oct 1869 at Seimanthal, Bessarabia, Russia and died 9 Apr 1925 at Seattle, King, Washington. Five children.

7 ii. AUGUSTA OPHELIA (Gussie) VILLWOCK was born 15 Sep 1874 at Germany and died 6 Feb 1962 at Portland, Multnomah, Oregon. She married 1894 at Portland, Multnomah, Oregon Ludwig Kayser son of Friedrich and Magdalena (Kreis) Kayser. Four daughters. He was born 29 Jul 1871 at Alexanderhilf, Bessarabia, Russia and died39,40 17 Feb 1945 at Portland, Multnomah, Oregon.

8 iii. PAULINE (Lena) VILLWOCK was born41 11 Sep 1877 at Germany and died 8 Sep 1968 at Alameda County, California. She married42 (later divorced43 ) 11 May 1903 at Spokane County, Washington Hugo Julius Kleeman son of Otto Karl and Anna Louise (Gehlich) Kleeman. He was born44 14 Jan 1878 at Oakland, Alameda, California and died 3 Jan 1967 at Los Altos, Santa Clara, California; buried45,46 at River View Cemetery, Portland, Multnomah, Oregon.

9 iv. WILLIAM CARL VILLWOCK was born 22 Nov 1881 at Germany and died47 23 Apr 1964 at Benton Harbor, Berrien, Michigan. He married48 1 Jul 1908 (1) Hattie Biastock dau of Fred and Bertha (Hafer) Biastock; she was born 1890 and died 1938; both are buried49 at Crystal Springs Cemetery, Benton Harbor, Berrien County. Two children, Viola and Leona.50,51   William married (2) Maude Tibbitts Pering; she was born 1888 and died 1983; buried52 in Crystal Springs Cemetery, Benton Harbor, Berrien County.

10 v. HULDA (Hilda) VILLWOCK was born abt 1883 at Alberta, Canada and died53 1 Jan 1955 at Clackamas County, Oregon and is buried54 at Lincoln Memorial Park, Portland, Multnomah, Oregon. She married55 25 Aug 1910 at Portland, Multnomah, Oregon Algern Harry (Al) Tingley son of Allen Griffith and Jane Matilda (Cornell) Tingley. He was born 8 Aug 1879 at Bratten, Nemaha, Nebraska and died 3 Feb 1934 at Ojai, Ventura, California; buried56 at Lincoln Memorial Park, Portland, Multnomah, Oregon.

11 vi. MATHILDE LOU (Tillie) VILLWOCK was born 10 Apr 1885 at Germany and died57 17 Feb 1980 at Clackamas County, Oregon. She married58 29 Jun 1905 Herman William Biastock son of Fred and Bertha (Hafer) Biastock. He was born 21 Dec 1882 at Germany and died59 21 May 1949 at Portland, Multnomah, Oregon.60 Three children.

12 vii. HANNA VILLWOCK was born abt 1888 at Germany. She married abt 1910 George Taslov/Tazloff.61,62 At least five children.

13 viii. ALBERT VILLWOCK was born 11 Mar 1892 at Portland, Multnomah, Oregon and died 28 Oct 1964 at Cook County, Illinois; buried63 at North Shore Memory Gardens, Coloma, Berrien, Michigan. He married Emily Wetter, dau of Gottlieb and Anna Louise (Bayer) Wetter.64 She was born 15 Sep 1893 at Poland and died 30 Dec 1968 at Benton Harbor, Berrien, Michigan. At least one son Henry (married Sandra Jean Smith).65

14 ix. AMELIA/EMILIA VILLWOCK was born 24 Dec 1893 at Alberta, Canada and died66 1 Aug 1959 at St. Joseph, Berrien, Michigan; buried67 at Crystal Springs Cemetery, Benton Harbor, Berrien County. She married Frank Somogi. He was born 1894 and died 1982; buried next to his wife. Two children.

15 x. LANA VILLWOCK was born 1894 at Leduc (Friedrichsheim), Alberta, Canada and died68 11 Mar 1898 at Alberta, Canada.

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     Figure 369 (a) Henry Villwock (2) in 1915 and (b) Hilda Villwock Tingley (10, left) and Lena Villwock Kleeman (8, right) at the Panama Pacific International Exhibition in San Francisco (1915).

     Henry and Paulena (Yaster) Villwock had seven known children.70

16 i. HERMAN VILLWOCK was born71 8 Jan 1896 at Leduc (Friedrichsheim), Alberta, Canada and probably died in California after 1942.72 Not married.

17 ii. MARTHA VILLWOCK was born 20 Sep 1898 at Leduc (Friedrichsheim), Alberta, Canada and died 4 Oct 1973; buried73 at Crystal Springs Cemetery, Benton Harbor, Berrien County. She never married.74

18 iii. JULIUS VILLWOCK was born 23 Sep 1900 at Leduc (Friedrichsheim), Alberta, Canada and died75 of pneumonia 14 Nov 1922 at Benton Harbor, Berrien, Michigan; buried76 at Crystal Springs Cemetery, Benton Harbor, Berrien County. He never married.

19 iv. HAROLD VILLWOCK was born 2 Aug 1902 at Michigan and died77 17 Nov 1958 at St. Joseph, Berrien, Michigan; buried78 at Crystal Springs, Benton Harbor, Berrien County. He married 4 Sep 1930 Kathryn Helen Carmichael dau of Lloyd and Beulah (Collins) Carmichael. She was born 24 Feb 1905 and died 14 Jul 1969; buried79 at Crystal Springs Cemetery, Benton Harbor, Berrien County.80

20 v. SARAH VILLWOCK was born 1905 at Michigan and died 1968 and was buried81 Riverview Cemetery, St. Joseph, Berrien, Michigan next to her husband. She married82 3 Jul 1926 at Wayne County, Michigan George G. Tillman son of Edward and Catherine (Meier) Tillman.

21 vi. LYDIA VILLWOCK was born 1 Apr 1907 at Michigan and died 26 Oct 1969 and is buried83 at Crystal Springs Cemetery, Benton Harbor, Berrien, Michigan. She married84 (1) 19 Feb 1927 at St. Joseph, Berrien, Michigan Emil A. Bischoff son of Emil and ____ (Ferchoff) Bischoff. He was born 1903. She married (2) 13 Sep 1941 at Coloma, Berrien, Michigan Everett Linderman. He was born 1876 and died 1959; buried85 at Crystal Springs Cemetery, Berrien, Michigan. She married a third time (3) abt 1960 Dan Gridley.86,87

22 vii. BERTHA VILLWOCK was born 1907 at Michigan and died88 3 Apr 1907 at Sodus Twp, Berrien, Michigan.

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     Figures 4 and 5. (Left) Hilda (Villwock) Tingley (10), Augusta (Villwock) Kayser (7), and Paulena (Villwock) Kleeman (8) (abt 1940) and (Right) Ludwig and Augusta (Villwock) Kayser (7) in Portland (1935).

     Figure 6. Heinrich and Henrietta (Schele) Villwock and nine children abt 1894. Back row L to R: Pauline, William, Hulda, Johanna, Augusta, Mathilda; Front row L to R.: Heinrich, Albert (sitting), Henrietta, Amelia (on lap), Hanna.89

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     Figure 7. (left) Henry Villwock 1926-7 obituary. Newspaper unknown; probably Niles, Berrien, Michigan; casket bearers: Gust Maikowski (brother-in-law) and G. Wetter (father-in-law of son Albert) and (right) Map of Berrien County Michigan with Niles at lower right and Sodus at center southwest of Benton Harbor.

     Figure 8. Villwock Chili Sauce (obtained from Augusta Villwock Kayser 7 and passed down through generations). This is REALLY good stuff on meatloaf and pot-roast—far superior to anything that can be purchased commercially. Odds are very good that this is a Pomeranian recipe from Hattie Schele or even earlier.

     3. Herman Villwock was born 22 Dec 1844 in Germany and died 17 Aug 1912 at Berrien County, Michigan when he was struck by lightning when he and a friend sought shelter in a barn;90 buried91 at Union Cemetery, Berrien Center, Berrien County. He married abt 1840 Johanna/Hannah C. Friedrich. She was born 1846 at Prussia and died 31 Jan 1926 at Berrien County, Michigan; buried92 at Union Cemetery, Berrien Center, Berrien County. They arrived in New York on the Karlsruhe and immigrated through Castle Garden93 6 May 1891.

Herman and Johanna (Friedrich) Villwock had at least ten children, seven alive in 1900;94 20th century census records indicate mostly Russian or Polish birth.

23 i. ALBERT W. VILLWOCK was born 27 Jan 1871 at Prussia and died95 14 Jun 1901 at Berrien County, Michigan; buried96 at Union Cemetery, Berrien, Berrien County. Never married.97

24 ii. HERMAN CARL VILLWOCK was christened98 10 Apr 1873 at Rivne Oblast, Volhynia (Ukraine)and died 1 May 1934; buried99 at Union Cemetery, Berrien, Berrien County. He married100 17 Jan 1904 at Baroda, Berrien, Michigan Augusta Reimer Fetke dau of Charles and Amelia Reimer (Herman was her 2nd husband; they divorced before 1915).101,102 Augusta was born 2 Sep 1868 and died 23 Nov 1957; buried103 at Spring Run Cemetery, Scottdale, Berrien County. She married (1) 11 Oct 1889 at St. Joseph, Berrien, Michigan Albert Fetke and a 3rd time (3) 22 Feb 1915 at St. Joseph, Berrien County Gustav Geschke. At least two children with 1st husband Albert (he died 1903).

25 iii. AUGUSTUS FRIEDRICH VILLWOCK was christened 20 May 1875104,105 at Rivne Oblast, Volhynia (Ukraine)and died 14 Apr 1960; buried106 at Silverbrook Cemetery, Niles, Berrien County. He married107 3 Jun 1911 at Berrien Co. Michigan Ida Wesner dau of Ludwig and Mary (Krieger) Wesner/Weisner. She was born 5 Mar 1888 at Russia and died 7 Jan 1955 at Niles, Berrien, Michigan; buried108 at Silverbrook Cemetery, Niles, Berrien County.

26 iv. GUSTAV C. VILLWOCK was christened109 9 Feb 1877 at Rivne Oblast, Volhynia (Ukraine) and died 28 Jun 1960; buried110 at Silverbrook Cemetery, Niles, Berrien County. He married111,112 4 Jan 1910 at Berrien County, Michigan Marie P Schadler. She was born 22 Jul 1888 at Russia and died 23 Dec 1978 at Berrien County, Michigan; buried113 at Silverbrook Cemetery, Niles, Berrien County. Three children.

27 v. FRED WILLIAM VILLWOCK was born 26 Jul 1881 of Prussia and died 5 Dec 1956 at Berrien County, Michigan; buried114 at Silverbrook Cemetery, Niles, Berrien County. He married abt 1915 Gertrude M. Eckart.115 She was born 1885 at Prussia, immigrated in 1890, and died 1966; buried116 at Silverbrook Cemetery, Niles, Berrien County. Three children.117

28 vi. EMIL WILHELM VILLWOCK was christened118 6 Aug 1883 at Rivne Oblast, Volhynia (Ukraine) and died 27 Nov 1970 at Berrien County, Michigan; buried119 at Silverbrook Cemetery, Niles, Berrien County. He married 26 Sep 1914 at Berrien County, Michigan Minnie B. Priebe. She was born 6 Jul 1891 and died 19 Jan 1963; buried120 at Silverbrook Cemetery, Niles, Berrien County. Five children.

29 vi. OTH WILHELM VILLWOCK was christened121 7 Aug 1885 at Rivne Oblast, Volhynia (Ukraine).

30 vii. EMMA WILHELMINA VILLWOCK was born 8 Jul 1890 of Prussia and died 28 Jun 1957 at Berrien County, Michigan; buried122 at Silverbrook Cemetery, Niles, Berrien County. She married123 23 Feb 1918 at Berrien County, Michigan Carl John Schadler son of August and Kathrine (Lockwitz) Schadler.124 He was born 24 Jun 1891 and died 4 Jul 1973; buried125 at Silverbrook Cemetery, Niles, Berrien County. Six children.  Carl married abt 1959 (2) Olga Tillman; she was born 20 Oct 1902 and died 9 Aug 1969; buried126 at Silverbrook Cemetery, Niles, Berrien County.

     4. August Villwock was born 27 Feb 1847 in Prussia and died 7 May 1918 at Berrien County, Michigan; buried127 at Union Cemetery, Berrien Center, Berrien County. He lived in Pommern, Preuβen (Germany) in 1877 and immigrated in 1888.128 He married129 1876 at Lubno Parish, Pommern (Germany) Caroline Lohraff. She was born 9 Feb 1850 at Germany and died 4 Feb 1907 at Berrien County, Michigan; buried130 at Union Cemetery, Berrien Center, Berrien County.

     August and Caroline (Lohraff) Villwock had at eight children.131

31 i. WILHELM JOHANN VILLWOCK was born132 21 May 1877 at Pommern, Preuβen (Germany) and presumably died in infancy (did not immigrate to Michigan).

32 ii. ROBERT FREDERICK VILLWOCK was born 6 Oct 1878 at Prussia and died133 of carcinoma of the stomach 22 Apr 1936 at Berrien Springs, Berrien, Michigan; buried134 at Silverbrook Cemetery, Niles, Berrien County. He married135 14 Apr 1904 at Berrien County, Michigan Matilda ‘Tillie’ Gersonde dau of Carl and Anna (Lockwitz) Gersonde.136 She was born 6 Mar 1885 at Russia and died 28 Apr 1960; buried137 at Silverbrook Cemetery, Niles, Berrien County. Five children.

33 iii. BERTHA HANNAH/JOHANNA VILLWOCK was christened138 22 Sep 1882 at Rivne Oblast, Volhynia (Ukraine) and died 1969; buried139 at Castalia Cemetery, Erie County, Ohio. She married140 3 Sep 1900 at Sandusky County, Ohio August Albert Loraff. He was born abt 1879 at Germany and died141 16 Jan 1964 at Sandusky, Erie, Ohio; buried142 at Castalia Cemetery, Erie County. Five children.143

     5. Amelia Villwock was born 11 Mar 1853 in Prussia and died 28 Jan 1936 at Berrien County, Michigan; buried144 in Crystal Springs Cemetery, Benton Harbor, Berrien, Michigan. She married 1872 August Maikowski son of Michael and Carolina (Pegolk) Maikowski. He was born 19 Feb 1847 and died 29 Jan 1932, at Berrien County, Michigan; buried145 in Crystal Springs Cemetery, Benton Harbor, Berrien, Michigan. They immigrated in 1892.

     August and Amelia (Villwock) Maikowski had twelve146 children all born in Russia.

34 i. HERMAN FRED MAIKOWSKI was born 31 Oct 1875 at Russia and died 24 Feb 1970 at Dowagiac, Cass, Michigan; buried147 in Crystal Springs Cemetery, Benton Harbor, Berrien, Michigan.. He married148 (1) 1 Nov 1898 at Berrien County, Michigan Martha Schmaltz dau of Johannes and Augusta (Allbrecht) Schmaltz and (2) 9 Sep 1939 at St. Joseph, Berrien, Michigan Lena Griese Sommerfeld. Four children with Martha.149

35 ii. GUSTAVE MAIKOWSKI was born 6 Jan 1878 at Russia and died 8 Mar 1964 at Benton Harbor, Berrien, Michigan; buried150 in Crystal Springs Cemetery, Benton Harbor, Berrien, Michigan. He married151 (1) 29 May 1906 at Berrien County Ida Mable ‘Hilda’ Seel dau of Henry and Mary (Arney) Seel. She was born 20 Jan 1880 at Lorraine, Ellsworth, Kansas and died 27 Jun 1937 at Berrien County; buried152 in Crystal Springs Cemetery, Benton Harbor, Berrien, Michigan. Five children. He married153 (2) 5 Jun 1940 at Berrien County, Michigan Hulda Till.

36 iii. BERTHA CAROLINE ‘MAJKOWSKI’ was christened154 29 Mar 1881 at Rivne Oblast, Volhynia (Ukraine).

37 iv. MARIE HANNA EMILIE (MARY) MAIKOWSKI was christened155 29 Mar 1881 at Rivne Oblast, Volhynia (Ukraine) and died 28 Oct 1956 at St. Joseph, Berrien, Michigan; buried156 in Crystal Springs Cemetery, Benton Harbor, Berrien, Michigan. She married157 22 Nov 1905 Otto Herman Rennhack son of Fred and Paulena (Biestoch) Rennhack.158 He was born 29 Dec 1879 and died 10 Mar 1960 at St. Joseph, Berrien County; buried159 in Crystal Springs Cemetery, Benton Harbor, Berrien, Michigan. Two children.160

38 v. HANNAH LOUISE MAIKOWSKI was born 18 Oct 1888 and died 9 Feb 1982 at St. Joseph, Berrien County; buried161 at Benton Harbor, Berrien, Michigan. She married162 30 Jul 1910 at Berrien County, Michigan William C. Gatchell. He was born 6 Feb 1886 at Russia and died 17 Jan 1965 at Benton Harbor, Berrien County; buried163 in Crystal Springs Cemetery, Benton Harbor, Berrien, Michigan. Seven children.164

39 vi. AMELIA MAIKOWSKI was born Jun 1891 at Russia and died 1985; buried165 in Crystal Springs Cemetery, Benton Harbor, Berrien, Michigan. She married166 1 May 1912 at Berrien County Conrad L. Sommerfeld son of August and ____ (Krieger) Sommerfeld. He was born 1889 and died 1971; buried167 in Crystal Springs Cemetery, Benton Harbor, Berrien, Michigan. Four children.168

 

Family 2

Generation A

     1. Karl Villwock of Pomerania, West Prussia. He married abt 1840 Fredericke/Frieda Schad.169

     Karl and Friede (Schad) Villwock had at least two children.

+ 2. i. HENRIETTA VILLWOCK was born 23 Nov 1841 and died 26 May 1924 at Benton Harbor, Berrien, Michigan.

+ 3. ii. ALBERT VILLWOCK was born 14 Nov 1842 and died 11 Nov 1918 at Benton Harbor, Berrien, Michigan.

Generation 1

     2. Henrietta Fredericke Wilhelmine Villwock was born170 23 Nov 1841 at the Seehof Municipality, Rummelsburg, Pomerania, East Prussia and died 26 May 1924 at Benton Harbor, Berrien, Michigan; buried171 in Crystal Springs Cemetery, Benton Harbor, Berrien, Michigan.

     She married abt 1868 at Pomerania Ferdinand Hafer son of Ferdinand Hafer. He was born abt 1840 and died172 6 Jan 1929 at Benton, Berrien, Michigan. Ferdinand and Henrietta and four children immigrated on the Weimar, arriving Baltimore 11 May 1892.173,174

     Ferdinand and Henrietta (Villwock) Hafer had at least two children.

4 i. BERTHA HAFER was born 28 May 1864 at Prussia and died175 21 Jan 1942 at Benton Harbor, Berrien, Michigan; buried176 at Crystal Springs, Benton Harbor, Berrien County. She married177 1883 Frederick Biastock. He was born 5 Oct 1858 and died 12 Mar 1933; buried178 at Crystal Springs, Benton Harbor, Berrien County. Fifteen children.179

5 ii. ADELINE ‘Lena’ HAFER was born 4 Jul 1870 at Charlottenthal, Pomerania, Prussia and died180,181 28 May 1935 at St. Joseph, Berrien, Michigan; buried182 at Crystal Springs, Benton Harbor, Berrien County. She married183 1888 Gottlieb Benke. He was born 14 May 1862 and died 2 Jul 1946; buried184 at Crystal Springs, Benton Harbor, Berrien County. Ten children.185

     3. Albert Villwock was born 14 Nov 1842 of Prussia and died186 11 Nov 1918 at Benton Harbor, Berrien, Michigan; buried187 at Crystal Springs, Benton Harbor, Berrien County. He married188 abt 1866 Hannah Bosch/Bose. They migrated to Volhynia to farm before immigrating to the U. S. in 1892.189 She was born abt 1845 and died 17 Nov 1918 at Benton Harbor, Berrien, Michigan; buried190 at Crystal Springs, Benton Harbor, Berrien County.191

     Albert and Hannah (Bosch) Villwock had twelve children.

6 i. PAULINA VILLWOCK was born 19 Apr 1874 and died 28 Dec 1918 at Burton, Berrien, Michigan. She married192 21 Nov 1892 at Berrien County, Michigan Albert Zoschke son of Henry and Eustine (Hichke) Zoschke. Eight children.193

7 ii. CARL HERRMANN WILHELM VILLWOCK was christened194 17 Sep 1879 at Kostopil, Rivne Oblast, Volhynia (Ukraine).

 

NOTES

1. Germany did not exist as such until unification of provinces by Otto von Bismarck abt 1890.

2. Fulbrook, Mary A Concise History of Germany (Cambridge, U. K.: Cambridge University Press, 1951), p. 102, map 6.

3. Massie, Robert K. Catherine the Great: Portrait of a Woman (London: Random House, 2011) maps before Part 1.

4. Wikipedia, search Rummelsburg.

5. FamilySearch wiki, search Pomerania.

6. The author had searched for ‘Louisenhof’ in German gazeteers for many decades to no avail.

7. Hansen, Kevan M. Map Guide to German Parish Registers: Kingdom of Prussia, Province of Pomerania I (North Salt Lake, Utah: K. M. Hansen, 2014) p. 64-66.

8. Ibid.

9. They immigrated about the same time and both lived in Niles Township, Berrien County.

10. Heinrich is from Rummelsburg, Pomerania (ref 18, naturalization document); August’s wife Caroline gave birth to a son Wilhelm Johann Friedrich Villwock 21 May 1877, birthplace Pomerania, Prussia {Germany, select births and baptisms, FHL Film 1201415; online at Ancestry.com (accessed 13 Dec 2017)}; Herman’s son Gustav lists his birthplace in 1878 as Poland {1930 U. S. Census of Niles, Berrien, Michigan, Roll 977, Page 10A, E. D. 42, FHL Film2340712; online at Ancestry.com (accessed 13 Dec 2017)}.

11. Baltimore, Passenger Lists, 1820-1964, ship Karlsruhe, arrived 6 May 1891; online at Ancestry.com (accessed 13 Dec 2017).

12. Amelia’s husband August Maikowski was a pallbearer at Heinrich’s funeral (Heinrich’s obit, see Figure 7).

13. Henrietta was born in the Seehof municipality of Rummelsburg, Pomerania {Ancestry Family Trees: ‘Arbie Sliger Family Tree’, tree 26632304—search Member Directory for owner teresasliger, and sources cited therein (accessed 13 Dec 2017)}; hereafter Sliger Family Tree. There is a ‘Seehof’ in Kolziglow parish (see Note 7).

14. FamilySearch locality search.

15. Frank, J. ‘A Brief History of Germans in Volhynia’; online at www.odessa3.org/collections/stpete/volhynia/link/volhist.txt (accessed 29 Mar 2018).

16. Herman Villwock death certificate: 6 Sep 1912, names parents and Germany origin.

17. FamilySearch Family Tree has unlikely parents for Heinrich Villwock (2) in Neustettin, Pomerania (Pommern): Karl FriedrichWilhelm Villwock and Henriette Sophie Koepp—but they were married in 1859! –fifteen years after Henry’s birth (Deutschland, Preussen, Pommern, Kirchenbuecher 1544-1945; https: //familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:KF9c-D28); Heinrich was born in 1844. Further, in his naturalization record, he stated he was born in Rummelsburg ( ref 18).

18. Henry Villwock death certificate: Michigan, Death records; wife Lena, informant Herman (of Benton Harbor), death from falling down stairs, age 82 and 2 days, burial at Crystal Springs Cemetery, Benton Harbor.

19. Henry Villwock, Michigan Circuit Court Naturalization Records, Index: Vol. 4, 152 (FHL Film 1954665 item 1); Declaration of Intention, Vol. 5, No. 552, (FHL Film 1954667) states birthplace as Rummelsburg, Germany.

20. Henry Villwock death: Michigan, Deaths and Burials Index, 1967-1995; online at Ancestry.com (accessed 1 Dec 2017).

21. Findagrave #133383414.

22. 1920 Census of Sodus, Berrien, Michigan, Roll T625_758, Page 7A, E. D. 110, Family no. 114; online at Ancestry.com (accessed 1 Dec 2017).

23. Immigrated from Edmonton, Canada through the North Dakota portal 12 May 1902 (FHL Film 19546767) and 1920 Census of Sodus, Berrien, Michigan, Roll T625_758, Page 7A, E. D. 110, Family no. 114; online at Ancestry.com (accessed 1 Dec 2017).

24. Third cousins of MDT twice removed.

25. Gottlieb Ferdinand Hänsel baptism: Prussian Provinces, Selected Lutheran Baptisms, Marriages, and Burials, 1661-1944, at Neuhausen, Brandenburg, Kr. Königsberg (Pommern); database at Ancestry.com from FamilySearch.org: Geheimes Staatsarchiv Preussischer Kulturbesitze Berlin (accessed 17 Mar 2018).

26. Dagutis, Schalene ‘DNA Discoveries: Finding Anna Eleonore (Schalin) Skale (or Skalay)’ Tangled Roots and Trees, online at http://tangledrootsandtrees.blogspot.com/2016/10/dna-discoveries-finding-anna-eleonore.html and references therein; see also ‘Skalch’/Schalin marriage: Volhynian marriages (Lutheran),1860-1869; Gottlieb and Anna Leonore, 8 Oct 1863 at of Zhytomyr Parish, Volhynia, South Russia; online at www.odessa3.org/collections/stpete/volhynia/link/vol186xm.txt (accessed 29 Mar 2018).

27. cf ‘Jenkins/Smith Tree’, tree 61066341—search Member Directory for owner Shannon Jenkins and ‘Jennings/Lange/Muir/Schalin Family Tree’, tree 11910416—search Member Directory for owner sdagutis, and sources cited therein (accessed 20 Mar 2018).

28. Oral tradition; reported by his dau Hulda to her sisters.

29. Amelia Villwock Maikowski was b. 1853 in Germany (her children were born in Russia per 1900 census), immigrated with her husband Gust and their five children in 1892; Gust was a pallbearer at Heinrich’s funeral and various family members were witnesses at marriages of Heinrich’s children (Mathilda).

30. Alberta Homestead Records, Film 2052, Accession #1970.313 at Provincial Archives of Alberta; copies of the filing #504035 were obtained by the authors from Claudine Nelson, volunteer at the Alberta Genealogical Society.

31. Stout, Clarence H. From Frontier Days in Leduc and District (Leduc, Alberta, Canada: publisher not identified, 1956) pp. 6-14, 40, 101, 179 (FHL 971.233/L4 H2); page 40 has a group picture that may have included Villwocks (individuals not identified).

32. Paulena Villwock obit, ’Paulena Villwock, 81, Dies; Rites Thursday’ Benton Harbor News Palladium, September 29, 1942, p. 9; married 1894, all of her living children are named; hereafter Paulena’s obit.

33. Paulina Villwock death: Michigan Death Certificates, 1921-1952, FHL Film 1973188, parents named, b. Germany; online at FamilySearch (accessed 3 Dec 2017).

34. Ibid.

35. Paulena’s obit.

36. Findagrave #133383257.

37. 1920 Census of Sodus, Berrien, Michigan, Roll T625_758, Page 7A, E. D. 110, Family no. 114; online at Ancestry.com (accessed 1 Dec 2017).

38. 1901 Canadian Census of Friedrichsheim, The North West Territory (Alberta), Canada, District 202, Sub-district R1-1, Film T-6550, Page 4, Family 41, wife Pauline and three oldest named children (Pauline, William, Mathilde) were stated to be born in Russia, Albert, b. 1891 was born in the United States; online at Ancestry.com (accessed 1 Dec 2017).

39. Ludwig Kayser death: Oregon Death Certificate 0677.

40. ’56-Year Resident of Portland Dies’ The Oregon Journal February 18. 1945, p. 10a; copy in possession of the author.

41. Pauline Kleeman death: California Death Index, 1940-1997.

42. Kleeman/Villwock marriage: Washington, Marriage Records, 1854-2013; online at Ancestry.com (accessed 3 Dec 2017).

43. Personal communication to the author from ggdau Linda Heafey, Gloucester, MA.

44. Hugo Kleeman birth: California Select Births and Christenings, 1812-1988, FHL Film 1571208, names parents; online at Ancestry.com (accessed 3 Dec 2017).

45. Findagrave #21643641.

46. William C. Villwock obit, ‘ Villwock Rites Held’ Benton Harbor News Palladium, April 27, 1964.

47. William Villwock death: Michigan Deaths and Burials, 1800-1995, ref 461, database FamilySearch, FHL Film 1954,717; (accessed 3 Dec 2017).

48. Villwock/Biastock marriage: Michigan, Berrien County marriages, no. 528, groom 25 yrs.-bride 18 yrs., both b. Germany, mother’s maiden names: Sklie and Hafer; online at FamilySearch (accessed 1 Dec 2017).

49. Findagrave #78684632 and #78684665.

50. William C. Villwock obit, ’William Villwock’ Benton Harbor News Palladium, April 23, 1964, p. 24; nice bio, names 2 daus and 5 sisters.

51. Coloma Bride Elect Given Clever Party’ Benton Harbor News Palladium, November 1, 1929; Leona Villwock (bride), names 2 out-of-town guests, aunts: Mrs. Albert Villwock and Mrs. August Biastock; Newspaper Archive.

52. Findagrave #94576930.

53. Hulda Tingley death: Oregon Death Index 1903-1998, spouse Algern, cert. 1063; online at Ancestry.com (accessed 15 Dec 2017).

54. Findagrave #110997587.

55. Tingley/Villwock marriage: Multnomah County, Oregon Marriage Index, Vol. 27, Page 32; online at Ancestry.com (accessed 3 Dec 2017).

56. Findagrave #108851889.

57. Mathilda Biastock death: Oregon Death Index 1898-2008, cert. 80-01997, birth and death dates; online at Ancestry.com (accessed 15 Dec 2017).

58. ‘Biestock’/Villwock marriage: Michigan, Berrien County marriages, no. 431, groom 22 yrs.-bride 19 yrs., both b. Germany, mother’s maiden names: Hafer and unknown; online at FamilySearch (accessed 1 Dec 2017).

59. Herman Biastock death: Oregon Death Index, 1903-1998, cert. 5647; online at Ancestry.com (accessed 2 Dec 2017).

60. 1940 U. S. Census of Portland, Multnomah, Oregon, Roll T627_3390, Page 61B, E. D. 37-288; online at Ancestry.com (accessed 4 Dec 2017).

61. 1916 Census of Last Mountain, Saskatchewan, Canada, Roll T-21938, Page 6, Family 52; immigrated from U. S. in 1912; online at Ancestry.com (accessed 2 Dec 2017).

62. 1926 obituary, newspaper unknown—probably Benton Harbor, Berrien, Michigan; see Figure 7.

63. Findagrave #136461129, birth and death dates.

64. 1901 Canadian Census of Friedrichsheim, The North West Territory (Alberta), Canada, District 202, Sub-district R1-1, Film T-6550, Page 2, Family 22; online at Ancestry.com (accessed 1 Dec 2017).

65. 1940 U. S. Census of Bainbridge, Berrien, Michigan, Roll T627_1731, Page 4B, E. D. 11-1, Albert born Oregon; online at Ancestry.com (accessed 3 Dec 2017).

66. Amelia Somogi death: Michigan, Deaths and Burials Index, birthplace Winnepeg, Canada; parents: Henry and ‘Paline (Jester)’ Villwock, age 65; FHL Film 1954713, online at Ancestry.com (accessed 1 Dec 2017).

67. Findagrave #78550818.

68. Alberta Genealogical Society/Edmonton, Vol. 1 Index to Registration of Births, Marriages, and Deaths 1870-1905 (Edmonton, Alberta, Canada: Alberta Genealogical Society, 1999), p. 604 (FHL 971.23 v22a).

69. Photos are in the possession of Maralyn D. Tolman of Incline Village, NV.

70. 1920 Census of Sodus, Berrien, Michigan, Roll T625_758, Page 7A, E. D. 110, Family no. 114; online at Ancestry.com (accessed 1 Dec 2017).

71. World War I Draft Registration Card, June 1917; age 21 (b. Canada, 8 Jan 1896), father Henry Villwock, single; ; online at Ancestry.com (accessed 3 Dec 2017).

72. World War II Draft Registration Card, 1942, age 45 (b. 8 Jan 1896), b. ‘LaDuke’, Canada, residence Sacramento, CA, contact person: none; online at Ancestry.com (accessed 3 Dec 2017).

73. Findagrave #133839813.

74. 1930 U. S. Census of Detroit District 670, Wayne, Michigan, Roll 1059, Page 1B, E. D. 670, Family 27, FHL Film 2340794, she is a private nurse and single, living with her sister Sarah Villwock Tillman; online at Ancestry.com (accessed 2 Dec 2017).

75. Julius Villwock death: Michigan Death Records, 1867-1950, cert. no. 111 332, born Alberta, Canada, father Henry born Germany, mother Pauline Yastria born Russia, informant Herman Villwock; online at Ancestry.com (accessed 2 Dec 2017).

76. Findagrave #112877728.

77. Harold Villwock obit, ’Area Grocer Villwock dies at 56’ Benton Harbor News Palladium, Monday November 17, 1958.

78. Findagrave #86458532.

79. Findagrave #86457564.

80. Ibid.

81. Findagrave #127687090; ‘Sara M. Tillman’.

82. Tillman/’Wellwack’ marriage: Michigan, Marriage Records 1867-1952, cert. no. 82 8348, bride born Canada, father Charles, mother Pauline Jasper; online at Ancestry.com (accessed 2 Dec 2017).

83. FIndagrave #96253119.

84. Bischoff/Villwock marriage: Michigan, Berrien County marriages: p. 195, bride’s father’s name Henry, mother’s maiden name Jaster; FHL Film 1954305; online at FamilySearch (accessed 1 Dec 2017).

85. Findagrave #132627570.

86. William C. Villwock obit, ’William Villwock’ Benton Harbor News Palladium, April 23, 1964, p. 24; nice bio, names 2 daus and 5 sisters.

87. Lydia Gridley obit, ‘Gridley Rites Held’ Benton Harbor News Palladium, October 30, 1969, p. 15, names nephews as casket bearers.

88. Michigan, Deaths and Burials Index, FHL Film 945407; online at Ancestry.com (accessed 2 Dec 2017).

89. Original pictures (Figs 4,5,7,8) and Fig 6 on cardboard in possession of the authors at Incline Village, Nevada.

90. ‘Bad Storm Strikes Niles’ The Milwaukee Sentinel, August 19, 1912, see Findagrave citation.

91. Findagrave #64239312; obit with details of lightning strike are reproduced.

92. Findagrave #64239191.

93. ‘Vilwock (first 3)/Wilwook’ (last 5) family immigration: Herm (age 47), Hermann (age 18), Johanna (age 45), August (age 11), Emil (age 4), Emma (age 11mo), Friedrich (age 6), and Gustav (age 8), origin Russia; online at www.castlegarden.org (accessed 19 Jun 2006).

94. Herman and Anna ‘Villnock’ Family: 1900 U. S. Census of Berrien, Berrien, Michigan, Roll 702, Page 6B, E. D. 59, FHL Film 1240702, immigrated 1891, 10 children born, 7 alive in 1900; online at Ancestry.com (accessed 9 Dec 2017); hereafter Herman Villwock fam 1900 census.

95. Albert W. Villwock death: Michigan Death Records, cert. 229; online at Ancestry.com (accessed 9 Dec 2017).

96. Findagrave #64238948.

97. Herman Villwock fam 1900 census.

98. Emil Wilhelm ‘Villwok’ birth: Volhynian births (Lutheran),1870-1875; parents Hermann and Anna (Friedrich) Villwock of Elisawetina, Rivne Oblast, Volhynia, South Russia; online at www.odessa3.org/collections/stpete/volhynia/link/vol187xb.txt (accessed 29 Mar 2018).

99. Findagrave #64239343.

100. ‘Vilwock’/Fetke marriage: Michigan, Berrien Co. marriage records, rec. no. 21, film 80, FHL Film 945413; online at Ancestry.com (accessed 9 Dec 2017).

101. 1930 U. S. Census of Niles, Berrien, Michigan, Roll 977, Page 10B, E. D. 42, FHL Film 2340712, ‘widowed’?, living with brother August; online at Ancestry.com (accessed 9 Dec 2017).

102. 1920 U. S. Census of Berrien, Berrien, Michigan, Roll T625_757, Page 1B, E. D. 80, divorced, living with widowed mother Johanna; online at Ancestry.com (accessed 9 Dec 2017).

103. Findagrave #30050049.

104. August Friedrich Villwock birth: Volhynian births (Lutheran),1870-1875; parents Hermann and Hanna (Friedrich) Villwock of Elisawetina, Rivne Oblast, Volhynia, South Russia; online at www.odessa3.org/collections/stpete/volhynia/link/vol188xb.txt (accessed 29 Mar 2018).

105. Herman Villwock fam 1900 census.

106. Findagrave #58432791.

107. Villwock/Wesner marriage: Michigan, Berrien County marriages, lic 454, FHL Film 945414; online at Ancestry.com (accessed 9 Dec 2017).

108. Findagrave #58432893.

109. Gustav Villwock birth: Volhynian births (Lutheran),1876-1879; parents Hermann and Johanna (Friedrich) Villwock of Elisamettrina, Rivne Oblast, Volhynia, South Russia; online at www.odessa3.org/collections/stpete/volhynia/link/vol187yb.txt (accessed 29 Mar 2018).

110. Findagrave #13583938.

111. ‘Villsvock’/Schadler marriage: Michigan, Berrien County marriages, mother’s maiden names: Fredrick, Lockwitz; online at FamilySearch (accessed 8 Dec 2017).

112. 1930 U. S. Census of Niles Twp, Berrien, Michigan, Roll 977, Page 10A, E. D. 42, Family 251, FHL Film 2340,712; online at Ancestry.com (accessed 8 Dec 2017).

113. Findagrave #13583949.

114. Findagrave #58432813.

115. Villwock/Ridley marriage: Michigan marriage records, 20 May 1940, groom’s mother Gertrude Eckart; online at Ancestry.com (accessed 8 Dec 2017).

116. Findagrave #58432822.

117. 1930 U. S. Census of Niles Twp, Berrien, Michigan, Roll 977, Page 10A, E. D. 42, Family 252, FHL Film 2340,712; online at Ancestry.com (accessed 8 Dec 2017).

118. Emil Wilhelm ‘Villwok’ birth: Volhynian births (Lutheran),1880-1885; parents Hermann and Anna (Friedrich) Villwock of Elisabethine/Elzbiecin, Rivne Oblast, Volhynia, South Russia; online at www.odessa3.org/collections/stpete/volhynia/link/vol188xb.txt (accessed 29 Mar 2018).

119. Findagrave #58432806; contains a transcript of the obit from the Niles Daily Star, November 28, 1970, page 2, col 4.

120. Findagrave #58432889.

121. Oth Wilhelm Villwock birth: Volhynian births (Lutheran),1880-1885; parents Hermann and Johanna (Friedrich) Villwock of Elisabethine/Elzbiecin, Rivne Oblast, Volhynia, South Russia; online at www.odessa3.org/collections/stpete/volhynia/link/vol188xb.txt (accessed 29 Mar 2018).

122. Findagrave #59189192.

123. Schadler/Villwock marriage: Michigan, Berrien County marriages, FHL Film 2240675, online at Ancestry.com (accessed 8 Dec 2017).

124. Ibid. and Ancestry Family Trees: ‘Zebarth Family Tree’, tree 79147126—search Member Directory for owner Daniel Zebarth; and sources cited therein (accessed 9 Dec 2017).

125. Findagrave #59189200.

126. Findagrave #58519569.

127. Findagrave #64238984.

128. 1900 U. S. Census of Berrien, Berrien, Michigan, Rol 702, Page 7B, E. D. 59 FHL Film 1240702, parents and two children, Robert and Bertha, all born Germany and immigrated 1888; online at Ancestry.com (accessed 6 Dec 2017); hereafter August Villwock family/1900 census.

129. Ibid. and Polish marriages online at The Pomeranian Genealogical Society, Book 304/1 www.ptg.gda.pl/index.php/certificate/action/searchM/ (accessed 19 Dec 2017).

130. Findagrave #64239025.

131. August Villwock family/1900 census; 2 of 8 children alive in 1900.

132. Wilhelm J. F. Villwock birth: Zivilstandsregister Pommern, FHL Film 1201415, parents August and Caroline (Lohraff) Villwock are named; online at Ancestry.com (accessed 6 Dec 2017).

133 Robert Villwock death: Michigan Death Records, 1867-1950, Benton Harbor 111 3209; online at Ancestry.com (accessed 6 Dec 2017).

134. Findagrave #58432935.

135. Villwock/Gersonde marriage: Michigan, Berrien County marriages, FHL Film 2240798; online at Ancestry.com (accessed 6 Dec 2017).

136. 1900 U. S. Census of St. Joseph, Berrien, Michigan, Rol 703, Page 11B, E. D. 76 FHL Film 1240703; online at Ancestry.com (accessed 6 Dec 2017).

137. Findagrave #58432879.

138. Bertha Johanna ‘Villwok’ birth: Volhynian births (Lutheran),1880-1885; parents August and Karolina (Loraf) Villwock of Elzbiecin, Volhynia, South Russia; online at www.odessa3.org/collections/stpete/volhynia/link/vol188xb.txt (accessed 29 Mar 2018).

139. Findagrave #105128958.

140. Loraff/Villwock marriage: Ohio, Sandusky County marriages 1774-1993, FHL Film 506621; online at FamilySearch (accessed 6 Dec 2017).

141. August Loroff death: Ohio, Deaths cert. 02437, age 85; online at Ancestry.com (accessed 6 Dec 2017).

142. Findagrave #105128948.

143. 1940 U. S. Census of Margaretta, Erie, Ohio, Roll T627_3063, Page 3B, E. D. 20-10A; online at Ancestry.com (accessed 6 Dec 2017).

144. Findagrave #133191646; Amelia ‘Willwock’ Maikowski.

145. Findagrave #133383316.

146. 1900 U. S. Census of Benton, Berrien, Michigan, Roll 702, Page 13B, E. D. 58, Dwelling 287, 5 of 12 children still living, FHL Film 1240702; online at Ancestry.com (accessed 15 Dec 2017).

147. Findagrave #133383380.

148. Maikowski/Schmaltz marriage: Michigan, Berrien County, no. 359; online at Ancestry.com (accessed 15 Dec 2017).

149. ‘Spalding Family Tree’, tree 101159340—search Member Directory for owner tgspalding58, and sources cited therein (accessed 13 Dec 2017); hereafter Spalding Family Tree.

150. Findagrave #78685318.

151. Villwock/Arney marriage: Michigan, Berrien County marriages, FHL Film 9435 413; online at FamilySearch (accessed 15 Dec 2017).

152. Findagrave #78685346.

153. Maikowski/Till marriage: Michigan, Berrien County marriages, FHL Film 1954312; online at Ancestry.com (accessed 15 Dec 2017).

154. Bertha Caroline ‘Majkowski’ birth: Volhynian births (Lutheran),1880-1885; parents August and Emilie (‘Vollwock’) Maikowski of Kostopol, Volhynia, South Russia; online at www.odessa3.org/collections/stpete/volhynia/link/vol188xb.txt (accessed 29 Mar 2018).

155. Marie Hanna Emilie Maikowski birth: Volhynian births (Lutheran),1880-1885; parents August and Emilie (‘Vuellwock’) Maikowski of Lessapol, Volhynia, South Russia; online at www.odessa3.org/collections/stpete/volhynia/link/vol188xb.txt (accessed 29 Mar 2018).

156. Findagrave #78550240.

157. Rennshack/Maikowski marriage: Michigan, marriage records 1867-1952, page 1396; online at FamilySearch (accessed 15 Dec 2017).

158. 1900 U. S. Census of Chikaming, Berrien, Michigan, Roll 702, Page 1B, E. D. 63, FHL Film 1240702; online at Ancestry.com (accessed 15 Dec 2017).

159. Findagrave #78550219.

160. 1930 U. S. Census of Benton Harbor, Berrien, Michigan, Roll 976, Page 1A, E. D. 7, Dwelling 10, FHL Film 2340711; online at Ancestry.com (accessed 15 Dec 2017).

161. Findagrave #132187708.

162. Gatchel/Maikowski marriage: Michigan, Berrien County marriages, no. 892, FHL Film 945414; online at FamilySearch (accessed 15 Dec 2017).

163. Findagrave #132187721.

164. 1920 U. S. Census of Bainbridge, Berrien, Michigan, Roll T625_757, Page 8B, E. D. 68; online at Ancestry.com (accessed 15 Dec 2017) and Spalding Family Tree.

165. Findagrave #77169427.

166. Sommerfeld/Maikowski marriage: Michigan, Berrien County marriages, FHL Film 2240833; online at Ancestry.com (accessed 15 Dec 2017).

167. Findagrave #77169399.

168. 1930 U. S. Census of Benton Harbor, Berrien, Michigan, Roll 976, Page 18A, E. D. 9, FHL Film 2340711; online at Ancestry.com (accessed 15 Dec 2017).

169. Henrietta Hafer death certificate: Michigan, Deaths and Burials, 26 May 1924, names parents and Germany origin, FHL Film 1954721; online at Ancestry.com (accessed 15 Dec 2017).

170. Sliger Family Tree and sources therein.

NOTE: the Sliger Family Tree has Henrietta married (1) to Ferdinand Mattik/Matthik, but the marriage document (FamilySearch: Deutschland, Preussen, Pommern Kirchenbuecher 1544-1945, FHL Film 1193883, image 89) has Ferdinand age 30 (b. 1827) married to Henrietta Luise Villwock, bride’s father Johann Ludwig Villwock. This Henriette is born too early, has the wrong father, and the wrong middle name—it is not the right Henriette Villwock.

171. Findagrave #132524960.

172. Ferdinand Hafer death: Michigan, Deaths and Burials Index 1867-1995, FHL Film 1954721; online at Ancestry.com (accessed 14 Dec 2017).

173. Baltimore Passenger Lists 1820-1964, ship Weimar, arrived May 1892, lists Ferdinand and Henrietta, (ages 52 and 59), and dau Adeline (age 22)with her husband Gottlieb (age 30) and 2 gdaus ‘Emiline’ (Amelia, age 2) and ‘Emma’ (Anna, age 4 mos.), origin Russia/Poland, destination Michigan; online at Ancestry.com (accessed 14 Dec 2017).

174. 1900 U. S. Census of Sodus, Berrien, Michigan, Roll 703, Page 7B, E. D. 79, Dwelling 159, oldest children are Amelia A. and Anna F., FHL Film 1240703; online at Ancestry.com (accessed 15 Dec 2017).

175. Bertha Biastock death: Michigan, Deaths and Burials Index, names parents, FHL Film 1954922; online at Ancestry.com (accessed 15 Dec 2017).

176. Findagrave #130669944.

177. ‘Biestoch’ family: 1910 U. S. Census of Sodus, Berrien, Michigan, Roll T624_638, Page 5B, E. D. 93, 12 of 15 children still living, FHL Film 1374651; online at Ancestry.com (accessed 15 Dec 2017); hereafter Biastock 1910 census.

178. Findagrave #130670050.

179. Biastock 1910 census.

180. Adeline Benke death: Michigan, Deaths and Burials Index, of uremic coma, names parents and parents birthplaces: ‘Scholottenhal, Germany’ (i.e. Charlottental), FHL Film 1954670; online at Ancestry.com (accessed 15 Dec 2017).

181. Adeline Hafer Benke obit, The News-Palladium (Benton Harbor), Wednesday, May 29, 1935, page 6.

182. Findagrave #130663854.

183. Benke family: 1910 U. S. Census of Sodus, Berrien, Michigan, Roll T624_638, Page 8A, E. D. 93, 8 of 10 children still living, FHL Film 1374651; online at Ancestry.com (accessed 15 Dec 2017); hereafter Benke 1910 census.

184. Findagrave #130663872.

185 Benke 1910 census.

186. Albert Villwock death: Michigan Death Records, 1867-1950, of bronchopneumonia; names parents Karl and Frieda (Schad) Villwock; informant Albert Zoschke; online at Ancestry.com (accessed 15 Dec 2017).

187. Findagrave #133839737.

188. 1910 U. S. Census of Benton Twp, Berrien, Michigan, Roll T624_638, Page 3B, E. D. 57, FHL Film 1374651, Albert and Hannah ‘Vellworth’ are living with their dau Paulina ‘Losekky’ (Zoschke), married 44 yrs., 1 child of 12 still alive; online at Ancestry.com (accessed 15 Dec 2017); hereafter Zoschke 1910 census.

189. Ibid.

190. Findagrave #133839745.

191. Spalding Family Tree.

192. Zoschke/Villwock marriage: Michigan, Berrien County marriages, no. 1127, FHL Film 2230714; online at FamilySearch (accessed 15 Dec 2017).

193. Zoschke 1910 census.

194. Carl Herrmann Wilhelm Villwock birth: Volhynian births (Lutheran),1880-1885; parents Albert and Johanna (Bose) Villwock of ‘Kostopol’, Rivne Oblast, South Russia (Ukraine); online at www.odessa3.org/collections/stpete/volhynia/link/vol188xb.txt (accessed 29 Mar 2018).

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